Like the Walloon and Flemish Regions, the Brussels-Capital Region is the competent authority in:
- Urban development (plans, planning permission, urban renewal, real estate policy, protection of monuments and sites) and housing
- Environment, water and nature conservation
- Economy (economic expansion, foreign trade) and Employment policy
- Public works
- Energy policy
- Local authorities (FR/NL) and subsidiary authorities (communes, inter-communal associations, religions)
- External relations
- Scientific research.
The community commissions are competent authorities in such matters as culture, education, sport and citizen assistance on the territory of the Brussels-Capital Region.
The Brussels-Capital Region as capital
Given that Brussels is both the capital of Belgium and the seat of the European institutions, the Region works with the federal state in the following sectors:
The Brussels Agglomeration and provincial competences
The legislator also made the former Brussels Agglomeration (of the 19 communes) the competent authority in the following areas:
Additionally, the Region manages those matters for which the former Province of Brabant was the competent authority, specifically:
- Drawing up jury lists for the Assise Court
- Licensing regional raffles and checking gifts and bequests to the Red Cross et cetera
The policy of the Regional Government is implemented by the Brussels Regional Public Service, the Brussels Regional Public Service Taxation, Brussels Planning and Heritage, Bruxelles Fonction publique (BruFOP) (FR/NL), and the regional bodies.
The Special Act of 9 August 1980 establishes the competences of the three Belgian regions, in application of article 107 quater, which was added to the Constitution in 1970.