Vocational education as a lever for an effective employment policy
Vocational training improves employability. Adapting training provision to the needs of companies reinforces efficiency. In 2020, the Government of Brussels allocated an additional €3,600,000 to strengthen the training offer in the sectors requested in 2021 and 2022.
How are these means implemented?
- Brussels Formation opens 500 additional places in the sectors of health, technology industry, digital, digital marketing, management and management, etc.
- To answer the call of sectors in demand of talent, 20 alternance training classes are created within the EFP, the centre of alternance training of the Brussels-Capital Region.
- Online training is reinforced for job seekers. 1,000 additional places are opened in 2021. At the end of the training, everyone can benefit from coaching.
- The effectiveness of vocational training also depends on the expertise of the trainers. This is why Bernard Clerfayt wanted to create FORMAFORM, in partnership with the Walloon Region. A centre dedicated to optimising the expertise of guidance, training, socio-professional integration and skills validation professionals.
We want to go further:
- The training income will be set up within the constraints of the tax legislation and in order to provide an effective benefit to job-seeking beneficiaries.
- On-the-job training and alternate training will also be intensified to meet the recruitment difficulties of companies.
The Employment Training Poles (EFP), training closer to sectoral needs
Organised as a public/private partnership, the EFP brings together employment, vocational training and sectoral monitoring activities in one structure. The EFP meets the current and future employment and/or continuing training needs of companies in the sector, and the aspirations of target audiences.
Each PFE offers services such as the identification and validation of skills, awareness of the trades of the sector (showcase of trades), sectoral monitoring, as well as job matching of trainees trained.
Four Employment Training Hubs are operational: Digitalcity for the promotion, training and employment of job seekers and digital workers, Logisticity for the logistics and transport sector, Technicity for the maintenance and acquisition of skills in the technology industries sector and Construcity is the Construction Employment Training Pole.
EFP and support for sectors under stress
EFP has naturally served as a lever to find solutions to talent shortages. Through the round tables organized by the Minister, the actors of employment, vocational training and sectoral organizations have developed targeted action plans for sectors in shortage.
Qualifying Brussels residents for employment
Political action on vocational training in the Brussels-Capital Region is based on two strategic plans. On the one hand, the “2020 Training Plan”, implemented from 2016 to 2020. On the other hand, the “Qualification Employment Strategy”, scheduled between 2022 and 2030. This will optimize actions in view of the balance sheet.
The results achieved:
- 20,012 trainees trained in 2021 by Bruxelles Formation and its partners. Nearly 70% of them are job seekers.
- The vast majority of people engaged in a training course complete it (89% completion rate) and the positive exit rate (*) is 70%.
- Online training has enabled 2029 job seekers and 568 workers to train.
- Job seekers turn to training and internships. 1996 were followed by an individual in-company vocational training course (FPIE).
- The «Stage First» attracted more than 677 interns in 2020. This paid internship of 3 or 6 months is for young job seekers with little experience and low qualifications.
The EFP training centre has seen a steady increase in attendance over the last 5 years. Here are the results of 2021 :
- 7646 registrants, an increase of 400 registrants
- 5494 registrations in adult education, including 3508 new registrations
- 642 apprenticeship registrations, including 374 new registrations
- 1510 enrolments in continuing education
- Out of a total of 90 professions, 36 courses can lead to a critical function.
The service vouchers sector, a major source of employment
Service vouchers are the most important budget item in regional employment policy. And there are 27,000 women workers who provide essential services to Brussels households. In two words: jobs and proximity.
If since 2014, the price of the service voucher (9 €), has not changed for the user, the share of the public authorities, and therefore today of the Region, has continued to increase. Its actual cost is 27 euros.
Given the importance of the sector and the need to control the burden on public finances, reform was urgently needed. This is ongoing and the draft order was approved at first reading by the government.
Legislative work continues in consultation with all partners. The reform that will be submitted to the parliament aims to maintain the viability of the system, to integrate qualitative measures to better supervise the job of domestic help, to improve working conditions and to open up careers by encouraging vocational training.
The Solution for All Guarantee
Individual support for job seekers will be reinforced and they will be offered either a job, an internship, training or a validation of skills.
An experiment with «Zero long-term unemployed» pilot projects will be set up in partnership with the field actors. The conclusions will help define the operational modalities for the continuation of these projects.
An inclusive employment policy
On the proposal of Bernard Clerfayt, the reform of tests against discrimination in hiring is on track. It was approved at second reading by the government. The conditions for using the tests will be simplified and proactive. They may be carried out on the basis of objective data, possibly in situ, with the agreement of the Labour Office.
Social economy enterprises and activity cooperatives occupy a full place in the Brussels economy: local production, small catering, recycling, repair, logistics, services, (...). The Minister supports these initiatives. They encourage the people of Brussels to create their own jobs with serenity and aim at the socio-professional integration of young people or the long-term unemployed.