Common Community Commission (COCOM)
Remit and responsibilities
In the Brussels-Capital Region the institutions occupied with what are called “personnalisable” matters, which means health and assistance to citizens, can affiliate themselves to either of the communities. If they choose not to, they fall within the competence of the Common Community Commission and are termed "bi-community institutions" (the term "institutions bipersonnalisables" is actually more precise in French). The Common Community Commission enacts its own legislative standards (ordinances) to regulate these matters. These are generally social and health issues, such as:
- Health policy: dispensing care within and outside of care institutions, health education, preventive medicine, etc.
- Assistance to citizens: family policy, social policy, disabled persons, senior citizens, youth, migrants, social assistance to prisoners, etc.
The COCOM is also the competent authority for providing direct assistance to citizens in the Brussels-Capital Region, without the intervention of special institutions, by virtue of the principle of absence of “sub-nationality” of persons in the Brussels-Capital Region. The COCOM has enacted several ordinances directly concerning persons, such as the 2004 ordinance on assistance to young people and two 2007 ordinances on health. The first, "on health policy and prevention", concerns the duty of health professionals to declare and treat transmittable diseases. The second, "on the promotion of health in the practice of sport, the ban on doping and its prevention", bans the practice of doping.
The Common Community Commission comprises a legislative body (the Joint Assembly) and an executive body (the Joint Board).
Joint Assembly of the Common Community Commission
The Joint Assembly of the Common Community Commission is made up of the 89 members of the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region. The 89 Brussels deputies are therefore members of both the Brussels Parliament and the Joint Assembly of the Common Community Commission.
Joint Board of the Common Community Commission
The Joint Board of the Common Community Commission (FR/NL) is made up of ministers of the Government of the Region but not the secretaries of state. The Joint Board is headed by the minister-president of the Government.
Office and services of the Joint Assembly
The Office and services of the Joint Assembly are the same as those of the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region.